What You Need To Know About Studying Engineering in UOW Malaysia KDU
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Imagine a world without engineers; there would be no electronic gadgets, bridges, modern transportation, entertainment systems, telecommunication systems, electricity, and so on. Therefore, Engineering is a discipline, art, and profession that takes science and uses it to produce “things”.
Engineering also lays the foundation for modern life through designing, analyzing, manufacturing, maintaining, and operating everything we need in our daily lives by delivering the solutions required to sustain and protect human society’s existence and way of life.
Comparing engineers and scientists, scientists attempt to learn about the universe, while engineers attempt to apply that knowledge to accomplish useful things. In general,
Scientists discover, engineers apply, and DO!
Scientists theorize, engineers create.
Engineers = Applied Scientists
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Engineering Professions in Malaysia
There are many engineering professions that one can choose from but the professions that are most popular in Malaysia are the ones below. There are also up-and-coming engineering jobs in the area of research and development.
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Electronic Engineering
- Electrical & Electronic Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Computer Engineering
- Mechatronic Engineering
- Telecommunication Engineering
- Petroleum Engineering
Engineering plays a key role in supporting the growth and development of a country’s economy as well as improving the quality of life for its citizens. Indeed, engineers are crucial in helping a nation achieve developed nation status.
The engineer to population ratio for developed nations is typically in the vicinity of 1:100. Therefore, Malaysia, which holds aspirations to be a developed economy, needs approximately 320,000 engineers given that it has a population in excess of 32 million.
Based on the Education Ministry’s statistics from 1997 to 2017, the average number of engineers produced per year by local institutions of higher learning – excluding graduates from foreign universities – is about 16,000.
The cumulative total of all engineers produced from 1997 to 2017 is estimated to be about 341,109. It may appear at first glance that the number of engineers produced is sufficient for Malaysia, but in recent years with the lower numbers of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) students at the secondary level, fewer students are studying engineering at a tertiary education level.
While this does not bode well for the industrial sector, it does mean that engineering graduates are assured of a range of career options upon graduation.
Why do students choose engineering?
Engineering may not be the easiest course to study, but many students across the globe elect to study engineering. They recognize that it is also cool to study engineering. Why is that so?
Engineering is versatile
Well, first of all, engineering can be applied within every industry — medical, F&B, design, pharmaceutical, healthcare, etc.
Engineering has breadth
It’s easy for engineers to switch careers at a later stage of their careers because they’re very analytical and easy to train. If they want to go into consultancy, planning, finance, or investment, they can pick it up with some training.
But the reverse is not true. Non-engineers will find it hard to switch to this profession. Engineering also sets the pace of change with the development of supercomputers, high-speed communication, higher efficiency integrated circuits, advancement in the industrial revolution, and so on.
Engineering improves the world
The engineering field empowers the world via the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity to residential, commercial, and industrial areas. In the area of energy supply, the focus on generating sustainable electricity has increased rapidly in recent years.
Engineers can also be entrepreneurs, or what is termed “technopreneurs”. A well-known Malaysian technopreneur is the “father of the pendrive”, Mr. Pua Khein Seng. Engineers also get involved in research and development to help companies break through to the next level of innovation.
Engineering graduates are highly demanded in the current job market. The demand for qualified, skilled graduates outstrips the supply, many companies are struggling to find recruits for vacancies, both locally and globally.
With an engineering degree, you will have the opportunity to work overseas as well. Based on Talent Corp’s Critical Occupation List (COL), the highest demand for engineers are in the civil, mechanical, electrical, and chemical disciplines.
The COL is a set of occupations in demand that identifies the skills imbalance across 18 economic sectors in Malaysia. 2019/2020 COL has 58 occupations listed. Among the 58 COL occupations, almost 40% of them are engineering-related occupations as follow:
- 1321 Manufacturing Manager
- 1323 Construction Manager
- 2141 Industrial and Production Engineer
- 2142 Civil Engineer
- 2144 Mechanical Engineer
- 2146 Mining Engineer, Metallurgist, and Related Professional
- 2149 Engineering Professional (Excluding Electrotechnology) Not Elsewhere Classified
- 2151 Electrical Engineer
- 2152 Electronic Engineer
- 2153 Telecommunications Engineers
- 2182 Manufacturing Professional
- 3112 Civil Engineering Technician
- 3113 Electrical Engineering Technician
- 3115 Mechanical Engineering Technician
- 3119 Physical and Engineering Science Technician Not Elsewhere Classified
- 3122 Manufacturing Supervisor
- 3123 Construction Supervisor
- 7211 Metal Moulder and Coremaker
- 7222 Toolmakers and Related Workers
- 7233 Agricultural and Industrial Machinery Mechanic and Repairer
- 7412 Electrical Mechanic and Fitter
- 8182 Steam Engine and Boiler Operator
- 8189 Stationary Plant and Machine Operator Not Elsewhere Classified
Not to mention, the entry-level remuneration packages of engineers are amongst the highest when compared to graduates from other fields. Apart from excellent employability and attractive salary, other benefits of being an engineer include career progression, management opportunities, world-wide travel and employment opportunities, etc. Being an engineer, one also has the enduring benefit though knowing that one can also make a difference in terms of social and economic perspectives.
How to become an engineer?
Engineers address technological issues by applying scientific and mathematical concepts. Civil, environmental, chemical, mechanical, electrical, and petroleum engineers are among the disciplines in which they operate.
Most disciplines of engineering need strong math and scientific abilities. You will be successful in this career if you have a solid foundation in science and math, as well as specific soft skills. Nevertheless, here is what you can do to become an engineer in Malaysia:
- As stated above, you have a solid foundation in science and math, preferably an A in both subjects.
- You then must first complete a bachelor’s degree in engineering with a major in the branch you want to work in.
Register yourself as an engineer with the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) in order to legally practice engineering in Malaysia either as a graduate engineer (GE), or professional engineer (Ir. PE), or a professional engineer with a practicing certificate (Ir. PEPC).
- To register as a GE, you must have completed an engineering degree that has been certified by the Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) or one of the Washington Accord signatory countries.
- After that, in order to become a PE, you must have worked as a GE for at least three years. To show your engineering proficiency, you must then pass the Professional Assessment Examination (PAE) or the Professional Interview (PI).
- To become a PEPC, you must first obtain your PE status, then pass the infamous Professional Competency Examination (PCE) to show your competency and ability as Submitting Persons to Local Authorities for CCC (Certificate of Completion and Compliance) and to legally establish engineering consultancy activities (ECP).
Engineering career pathways
To obtain an engineering degree, you have to go through a few stages.
Entry Requirements for engineering diploma
The following are the general criteria for obtaining a Diploma in Engineering:
- Most tertiary institutions will require a minimum 3Cs in SPM (or equivalent), including Mathematics and a Science subject, as well as a pass in English.
Entry Requirements for an engineering degree
You must complete a diploma, pre-university, or foundation program and fulfill the admission criteria to pursue a degree in engineering. Remember that admission criteria defer according to different universities. The general criteria are as follows:
- A Levels: Minimum 2Ds including Mathematics and Physics
- STPM: Minimum 2Cs including Mathematics and Physics
- Australian Matriculation: Minimum ATAR 65.0 including a minimum of 65% for Mathematics and Physics
- Foundation in Science or Engineering: Minimum CGPA of 2.00
- Diploma in Engineering: Minimum CGPA of 2.00
Engineering Undergraduate and Postgraduate Programs at UOWM KDU
You can choose to further your studies after obtaining your diploma. With an engineering degree, you will have more career opportunities and it comes with a much higher employability rate than a diploma. UOW Malaysia KDU has a variety of undergraduate programs to offer:
- Bachelor of Science (Hons) Mechatronics Engineering – Penang Campus
- Bachelor of Science (Hons) Electrical and Electronic Engineering – Penang Campus
- Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering With Honours – Utropolis Glenmarie Campus
- Bachelor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering With Honours – Utropolis Glenmarie Campus
While engineers may live well with only a bachelor’s degree, a postgraduate qualification allows them to advance faster in their careers, earn more money, change careers more readily, and work on projects that they are enthusiastic about. UOW Malaysia KDU has a few postgraduate programs that may be suitable for you. The list is as follows:
- Master of Science (By Research)
- Master of Science
- Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering)
As explained above, engineering is a cool field to continue your academic pathway in. Engineers are in high demand and if you think this is the right field for you, send your enquiries here. We would be glad to help you in any way we can!