Study Petroleum Engineering Degree at the Best University in Malaysia
According to Wikipedia, “Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned
with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and Production are deemed to fall within the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry. Exploration, by earth scientists, and petroleum engineering are the oil and gas industry’s two main subsurface disciplines, which focus on maximizing economic recovery of hydrocarbons from subsurface reservoirs.
Petroleum engineering requires a good knowledge of many other related disciplines, such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift
systems, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering.”
Energy is a key component to people’s everyday lives; and a secure energy future requires a balance between environmental impact and affordable supply. Petroleum and geosystems engineers are able to address and solve important issues that will lead to energy security and thus are in high demand.
Economic and environmentally safe production of petroleum resources requires creative application of a wide spectrum of knowledge, including, but not limited to:
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Petroleum engineering overlaps with many of the engineering disciplines, such as: mechanical, chemical, and civil. For example, in Petronas’ website, they hire the following people with these qualifications.
General Degree / Qualification
|Reservoir Engineering||Degree in Petroleum Engineering / Chemical Engineering|
|Petrophysics||Degree in Petroleum Engineering / Geology (G&G)|
|Production Technology||Degree in Petroleum Engineering / Chemical Engineering / Mechanical Engineering|
|Drilling||Degree in Petroleum Engineering / Chemical Engineering / Mechanical Engineering / Electrical Engineering|
|Petroleum Economics||Degree in Petroleum Engineering / Chemical Engineering / Mechanical Engineering / Electrical Engineering|
Petroleum engineers increasingly use advanced computers, not only in analysis of exploration data and simulation of reservoir behavior, but also in automation of oilfield production and drilling operations. Petroleum companies own many of the world’s supercomputers.
Petroleum engineers have a future full of challenges and opportunities. They must
develop and apply new technology to recover hydrocarbons from oil shale, tar sands, and offshore oil and gas fields. They must also devise new techniques to recover oil left in the ground after application of conventional producing techniques.
Since many petroleum companies conduct worldwide operations, the petroleum engineer may have the opportunity for assignments all over the world.
The work of a Petroleum Engineer
Basically, Petroleum engineers design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the earth’s surface. Petroleum engineers also find new ways to extract oil and gas from older wells.
Petroleum engineers must have a bachelor’s degree in engineering, preferably in
petroleum engineering. Employers also value work experience, so cooperative engineering programs, in which students earn academic credit for structured job experience, are valuable as well.
A petroleum engineer is involved in nearly all stages of oil and gas field evaluation, development and production. The aim is to maximise hydrocarbon recovery at minimum cost while maintaining a strong emphasis on reducing environmental impact.
Petroleum engineers are divided into several groups:
• Petroleum geologists find hydrocarbons by analysing subsurface structures with geological and geophysical methods.
• Reservoir engineers work to optimise production of oil and gas via proper well placement, production levels and enhanced oil recovery techniques. They use computer simulations to assist in the identification of risks and to make forecasts on reservoir potential.
• Production engineers manage the interface between the reservoir and the well through such tasks as (but not limited to) perforations, sand control, artificial lift, downhole flow control and downhole monitoring equipment. They also select surface equipment that separates the produced fluids (oil, natural gas and water).
• Drilling engineers manage the technical aspects of drilling both production and injection wells. They work in multidisciplinary teams alongside other engineers, scientists, drilling teams and contractors.
The actual tasks carried out will vary depending on the specific role but may include:
• liaising with geoscientists, production and reservoir engineers, and commercial managers to interpret well-logging results and predict production potential;
• compiling detailed development plans of reservoir performance using mathematical models to ensure maximum economic recovery;
• selecting optimal tubing size and suitable equipment within the well for different functions;
• designing systems that help the well to flow, for example using submersible pumps;
• managing problems of fluid behaviour and production chemistry;
• evaluating and recommending flow rate enhancement by using, for example, hydraulic fracturing (to force fluid into a well and fracture the rock) and acid treatment (to erode the rock and improve flow path);
• managing and controlling wells with branches at the bottom (horizontal and multilateral wells);
• using well and reservoir remote sensing technology and surveillance data to manage the value of the reservoir and decide on appropriate engineering interventions;
• understanding and managing how a set of wells interact;
• managing contractor relationships in relation to health, safety and environmental performance;
• supervising well-site operations personnel and managing staff at all levels, including the training and supervision of crew members, to ensure that everyone works as a team in order to meet deadlines to clients’ satisfaction;
• liaising with separate departments to ensure correct progress with
• taking responsibility for the maintenance of equipment;
• liaising with clients to keep them informed of progress.
According to the USA Department of Labour, Employment of petroleum engineers is
expected to grow 17 percent from 2010 to 2020, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Oil prices will be a major determinant of employment growth, as higher prices lead to increasing complexity of oil companies’ operations and require more engineers for each drilling operation. In 2010, the median salary per year was US$114,080
According to Jobstreet, a petroleum engineer earns between RM 37,094 – RM 365,156 a year.
In Malaysia, The Gumusut-Kakap field, which recorded its first oil production in Nov 2012, is expected to reach a maximum of 25,000 barrels per day (bpd) after ramping up two wells.
Located in offshore Sabah as Malaysia’s second deepwater development, the field’s full
development comprises 19 subsea wells, a permanent semi-submersible floating production system with a potential to produce a maximum of 120,000 bpd.
In positioning Malaysia as the leading oil and gas (O&G) hub in the Asia-Pacific region by 2017, Malaysia Petroleum Resources Corp (MPRC) was formed to promote, catalyse and transform the sector.
Notable projects in the O&G (oil and gas) sector include the RM60bil Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Development project in Pengerang, Johor, and the RM3.8bil Sabah Oil and Gas Terminal in Kimanis.
In the Oil, Gas and Energy National Key Economic Areas (NKEA), a consortium comprising Dialog Group, the State Government of Johor and Royal Vopak will invest RM4.08 billion to develop the Pengerang LNG Terminal Project – an LNG storage, loading and regasification terminal to import LNG for trading purposes and for domestic use.
The terminal will be the first Independent LNG Trading Terminal in Asia, allowing multiple LNG users to store and trade the product. This will spur the growth of the industry, and help establish Malaysia as Asia’s LNG Trading hub.
All these are evidence that the job potential for Petroleum Engineers in Malaysia is good. In addition, Petroleum Engineers can work any where in the world.
The Oil and Gas Industry in Malaysia
The O&G industry is involved in downstream activities as well. Here, ‘downstream’ means processes taking place after oil has been transported from the reservoir, and into crude oil terminals. Investment opportunities include processing and refining of the crude, petrochemical plants, logistics and retail transactions. Downstream has different players, and a more diverse range of interests. In oil refining, there are Petronas Penapisan (with plants in Terengganu and Melaka), Shell, ExxonMobil and Conoco.
Petronas Gas and MLNG are involved in gas processing and transmission. Gas distribution is handled by Gas Malaysia. The retail arm has many interests, including Petronas Dagangan, Shell, ExxonMobil and Conoco Phillips (under the Projet brand). Petrochemicals have the most diverse range of companies, including Optimal, BASF, BP, Amoco and Idemitsu.
Where to study Petroleum Engineering?
UCSI University offers the BEng (Hons) Petroleum Engineering which is accredited by
MQA and the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM).
The Petroleum Engineering degree programme at UCSI University is designed to equip students with a solid foundation and knowledge on oil and gas exploration, development, as well as on the processes starting from production to completion.
The programme encompasses a well-balanced curriculum that focuses on both upstream and downstream industries. It covers a wide range of subjects that include mathematics, basic sciences, computing, introductory engineering, geology and petrophysics, drilling engineering, reservoir engineering, production engineering, economic and project management, as well as humanities and social sciences. Special features of the programme are:
- Commercial reservoir simulation software is used for teaching and learning
- Reservoir engineering includes elements of rocks and fluids properties, enhanced oil recovery and natural gas engineering
- Oil and gas production operation includes well completion, diagnosis and treatment
- Field trips to the oil and gas industry, geological study
- Laboratories to study drilling, rock and fluids properties
- Field development project
- Final year research and development project
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Posted on May 27, 2013, in Career Choices, Choosing the right course, Choosing the right university, Degree, Engineering, Study in Malaysia, Top Universities, Top University, UCSI University and tagged Bachelor of Engineering, BEng Petroleum Engineering, best university for petroleum engineering, job prospects of petroleum engineers, Petroleum engineer, Petroleum Engineering, Petroleum Engineering at UCSI University, Petroleum Engineering course, Petroleum Engineering degree, study petroleum engineering, study petroleum engineering in malaysia, top petroleum engineering university, what is petroleum engineering, Work of a petroleum engineer. Bookmark the permalink. 16 Comments.