Internet of Things (IoT) Job Demand Increasing in Malaysia therefore Study at the Best University for this Course
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Primarily, IoT is not about the Internet. It is about the physical objects around us that are connected to the Internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
A thing, in the Internet of Things, can be a person with a heart monitor implant, a farm animal with a biochip transponder, an automobile that has built-in sensors to alert the driver when tire pressure is low — or any other natural or man-made object that can be assigned an IP address and provided with the ability to transfer data over a network.
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Excellent Job Demand for Internet of Things (IoT) in Malaysia
IoT has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), microservices and the internet. The convergence has helped tear down the silo walls between operational technology (OT) and information technology (IT), allowing unstructured machine-generated data to be analyzed for insights that will drive improvements.
Today computers — and, therefore, the internet — are almost wholly dependent on human beings for information. Nearly all of the roughly 50 petabytes (a petabyte is 1,024 terabytes) of data available on the internet were first captured and created by human beings by typing, pressing a record button, taking a digital picture or scanning a bar code.
The problem is, people have limited time, attention and accuracy — all of which means they are not very good at capturing data about things in the real world. If we had computers that knew everything there was to know about things — using data they gathered without any help from us — we would be able to track and count everything and greatly reduce waste, loss and cost. We would know when things needed replacing, repairing or recalling and whether they were fresh or past their best.
What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?
IoT is more than just having Internet connectivity on everyday appliances. Essentially, IoT is a convergence of smart devices that generates data through sensors to create new information and knowledge to boost human intelligence, productivity and quality of life.
IoT is defined as “Intelligent interactivity between human and things to exchange information and knowledge for new value creation”. It is a complex yet complete solution compassing three main technology components, namely connected things with embedded sensors, connectivity and infrastructure, and last but not least, analytics and applications.
For example, factories can place sensors on its machines and equipment to discover early signs of fatigue on the machines or related parts. This way, preventive maintenance can be done on machines just before they break down and cause production downtime.
In the world of rapid digital interaction, IoT gives insights on how consumers integrate technology in their daily lives, a valuable information that can be used in various ways. The growing need for internet-related products and services is driving this transition, not only globally but also here in Malaysia.
According to youth in Malaysia, the most exciting technologies expected to have the largest impact on their future lives will be Internet of Things (IoT) based on survey findings released by Microsoft.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is ranked as the top technology that Malaysian youth expect to have the biggest impact on their lives. In recent years, the confluence of power devices, cloud and data has enabled bold visions on how IoT can be an integrated part of our digital future.
IoT refers to the ever-growing network of physical objects connected to the Internet and the communication that occurs between these objects and other devices and systems. This includes everything from street sensors, home appliances, wearables, and vehicles.
Examples of Internet of Things (IoT) Applicable in Malaysian Lives
Imagine the shirt, pants or dress one wears daily is linked to a digital network that monitors every bodily change and physiological activity, and sends alerts for example when there is an abnormal heart beat rate. This will indicate one’s stress or fatigue level and will help one make a well-informed decision whether to continue with the activities or consult a physician.
Similarly sensors would ‘read’ the colours of the secretions in the baby’s diapers and send the data through the network to see if there is any indication on the baby’s health status.
The data from the diapers could also be sent to a connected smart electronic device such as a phone or smart watch to the mothers or the caretakers to alert them on any problem or that it is time for them to replace the soaking wet nappy with a new clean dry one.
With IoT even the doctor can now track the patients’ health status real-time from the comfort of his office chair. Those data sent to connected monitoring devices may be able to track the daily activities, vital signs and diet habits that can give the physician an idea of what is going on and provide the required advice.
Very soon, we would be looking at IoT that would turn the home into a really smart and cost-saving home. Experts around the world are working hard and fast to bring regular household appliances to life by turning them into smart appliances connected to the network.
Imagine your smart home is ready to receive you by the time you arrive home after a hectic day. The air-conditioner is already switched on to cool you down from the heat outside. Selected lights are switched on prior to your arrival or switched off as soon as you leave for work. Everything in your smart home is pre-set to welcome you or your guest.
All switches are multi-connected via smart devices that can be used as the remote control. At the recent MCMC-Intel GS1 Malaysia IoT Seminar held recently at Cyberjaya, the national power company Tenaga Nasional Berhad Malaysia (TNB) showcased one of its new IoT application to save electricity cost.
With the target to create smart users, TNB has come up with a device called Smart Meter connected to a network where the user could manage and monitor usage in the most seamless way possible via an app connected to the Smart Meter. Users will be able to monitor usage, payment history and plan their finances and most of all be aware on the electrical appliance usage and electricity consumption via the app.
The Smart Meter will be installed at every Malaysian home in the future. The installation has already started and only in a matter of time all users will be able to monitor and control electricity usage via their smart mobile devices.
These are the few examples how IoT could well change our lifestyle. IoT in fact brings endless possibilities in enriching our lifestyle.
High Job Demand for Internet of Things (IoT) Professionals in Malaysia and Globally
In 2015, the Ministry of Science, Innovation & Technology Malaysia launched the National IoT Strategic Roadmap, which forecasted opportunities to reach RM9.5 billion in 2020 and RM42.5 billion in 2025. This is all done to create a national ecosystem to make IoT a new source of economic growth with its industrialisation and proliferation of use.
The National IoT Strategic Roadmap outlines 3 national goals:
- Malaysia as the Regional Development Hub for IoT
- Create a conducive IoT industry ecosystem
- Strengthen technopreneur capabilities in Apps & Services layer
Gartner predicts that by 2017, 50 percent of IoT solutions (typically a product combined with a service) will originate in startups that are less than three years old. Malaysia also have their own IoT Ecosystem.
Over the recent years, technology companies have developed more devices with capabilities to be connected to the Internet — including watches, televisions, cameras and others. A separate report by IHS Markit also suggested that there will be more than 20 billion connected devices in 2020. Startups such as Katsana, REKA and Jom Parking in providing creative IoT solutions for Transportation segment. Favoriot, Teleme, GetDoc, and Doctor2U are startups that will focus on Health and Insurance too. There’s going to be many more Malaysian IoT startups that are eager to offer their solutions for Malaysia market or globally.
In Malaysia, the IoT industry is expected to generate over 14,000 new jobs and contribute billions of ringgit to the economy. According to MIMOS, IoT will create a positive impact on several areas. First, it expects mobile device penetration to hit 280% by 2025 (from 144% currently). It also expects mobile broadband penetration to jump to 167% by 2025 (from under 15% in 2015) and mobile services to more than double to US$16 billion in 2025.
MIMOS also added that implementation of IoT is also likely to contribute RM9.5 billion to Malaysia’s gross national income by 2020, and RM42.5 billion by 2025. From the RM42.5 billion projection, RM34 billion will be driven by apps and services, as well as analytics solutions.
Separately, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation added that IoT is likely to create over 14,270 high-skilled employment opportunities by 2020.
By building the local IoT ecosystem, it allows local startups and tech companies to tap onto the vast potential globally — which is estimated to be valued from US$1.9 trillion to US$7.1 trillion by 2020.
“IoT will be the key driver in transforming Malaysia into a high-income economy. It has the potential to transform Malaysia’s traditional economy of agriculture and manufacturing and enable it to move up the value chain,” said Malaysia Digital Economy Corporation (MDEC) Chief Strategy Officer Siva Ramanathan
Education Pathway to Study to Obtain a Degree in Information Technology with Specialism in Internet of Things (IoT)
Students after SPM or O-Levels may go for the Foundation in Computing at Asia Pacific University for 1 year before continuing on to the 3-year UK Dual Award BSc (Hons) in Information Technology with specialism in Internet of Things (IoT) degree course.
With 3 credits in SPM or O-Levels including Maths, students may go for the 2-year Diploma in Information & Communications Technology or Diploma in Information & Communications Technology with specialism in Software Engineering and then enter into Year 2 of the Internet of Things (IoT) degree at Asia Pacific University.
Pre-University students with the relevant results in STPM, A-Levels, SAM, CPU, AUSMAT, etc. can enter directly into Year 1 of the Information Technology with specialism in Internet of Things (IoT) degree.