High Job Demand for Engineers in Malaysia
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Engineering may not be the easiest course to study, but it continues to be in demand in Malaysia and globally. You’re also more likely to find employment quickly and work your way up the career ladder with an engineering degree from a top private university in Malaysia. The key benefits of studying engineering are both financial and prospect based. Financially, the starting salaries are among the best across all industry sectors. The demand for well-qualified, skilled graduates outstrips supply, and companies are struggling to find recruits for vacancies locally and globally. Therefore, graduates have the opportunity to work overseas.
According to the Malaysia 2019 Salary Increase & Total Compensation Measurement Survey by Aon plc, median pay for jobs in engineering and technology are relatively higher than all other job roles across the Malaysia market. Those working in engineering roles earn, on average, 14 percent higher and those in technology such as cyber security and information technology, earn 12 percent more than other job functions within the Malaysia market as a whole. Fresh engineering and high-tech graduates enjoyed a 16 percent higher starting median salary compared to fresh graduates in other functions.
Engineering degrees that are accredited by the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) are recognised by overseas countries for work. Students should choose the best university in Malaysia to study engineering so that they can gain the necessary knowledge and skills to be successful in their career.
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Shortage of Qualified Engineers in Malaysia
There is a shortage of qualified engineers suitable for the crucial role of overseeing construction projects and infrastructure development works, according to the Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM).
IEM president Datuk Lim Chow Hock told StarBiz that there were only about 150,000 experienced engineers in Malaysia.
“We are still short of 50,000 to meet the requirement in the construction and infrastructure sectors. The experienced engineers are needed in the consultation and management departments,” he said. Lim added that the demand for consultation and management engineers for government construction and infrastructure projects would mitigate the impact of the slowdown taking place in the construction industry.
“About 70% of our members are engineers in the development and construction sectors. “They can easily be reabsorbed to play consultation and management roles for government projects,” he said.
Lim added that about 30% of the members were involved in the electrical, electronic, and mechanical engineering industries. The IEM currently has about 43,000 members.
On the quality of the local engineering graduates, Lim said that there was concern on quality because a study done three years ago by IEM revealed that the local engineering graduates lacked certain fundamental understanding of engineering principles. “This is affecting their ability to execute their duties effectively.
This was the feedback from 11/11/2015 Malaysia short of 50,000 experienced engineers Business News | The Star Online
Job Prospects for Engineers in Malaysia
In the Third Outline Perspective Plan and the Eighth Malaysia plan, it is estimated that there will be a high demand for engineers where there are estimated 230,000 engineers and technicians for the year 2000 and the projected figure for 2010 is 470,000. (Source OPP3/8MP/EPU).
Engineering is a respected profession that pays well. On average, people who graduate with a degree in engineering earn higher salaries than those with other bachelor’s degrees. Studies indicate that there will be a shortage or engineers well into the 21st century.
Increase in Job Demand for Engineers in Malaysia & Globally
The recent surge in infrastructure spend by the Malaysian government can be seen as a product of the ripple effect across the region. The Klang Valley MY Rapid Transit (MRT) railway network around Kuala Lumpur, which will cost an estimated RM20bil to RM40bil to complete, will signal the beginning of a new era in transportation in the country.
This intra-city rail project is expected to not only significantly increase the rail network in the Klang Valley but also integrate the existing rail networks and lighten the traffic congestion in the KL metropolitan area.
Engineering graduates in Malaysia can look forward to directly benefitting from this massive project. The new three-line transportation backbone is expected to create an estimated 130,000 job opportunities during the period of its construction, and generate gross national income (GNI) of between RM3bil to RM4bil per annum from 2011 to 2020.
Another RM21bil per annum is expected to be generated throughout the ten-year span, in the form of property value appreciation.
According to investment research firm OSK Research, Malaysia is likely to see its biggest residential property boom in a decade. The boom – which is arguably a side effect of the transportation infrastructure surge in the nation – will be led by medium- to high-end landed properties and is expected
One of the top engineering nations is the world, Germany has an estimated 1 million engineers for a population of 82 million (engineer:population ratio of 1:82). France has an estimated 800,000 for a population of 60 million (engineer:population ratio of 1:75). At present, the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) has a total register of 52,000 graduate and professional engineers.
Considering that a large number of engineers in Malaysia are not registered with BEM (around 50%), it is estimated that there are around 80,000 engineers currently in employment, i.e. still registering a very poor engineer:population ratio of 1:312 (assuming a current national population of 25 million).
Table shows engineer-population ratios for Malaysia and several advanced countries.
|Country||Population||Estimated number of Engineers||Engineer to Population ratio|
|United Kingdom||60 million||425,000||1:141|
Therefore it is important for Malaysia to increase her production of engineers at a very significant rate in order to achieve a comparable index with the developed nations. If we were to use the “advanced nation benchmark” the engineer:population ratio of 1:100 would mean that Malaysia would need around 275,000 and 300,000 engineers in 5 and 10 years respectively (assuming population growth at 2% per year).
It is noted that in the Ninth Malaysia Plan presented by the Prime Minister of Malaysia in March 2006, the government plans to increase engineering student enrolment for public and private universities with the target annual growth rate of 12.2% and 20.8% respectively (Malaysia 2006a). In 2006, an estimated 10,571 students entered first year engineering studies in public and private universities.
Therefore with the expected growth, the government is projecting that more than 77,000 and 222,000 engineering graduates will be produced altogether from all the Malaysian universities in the next 5 and 10 years respectively.
If this projection is met, even after accounting for retirements, Malaysia will be able to match engineer : population ratios with those of advanced nations within 10 years
Engineering Fields that are high in demand in Malaysia
In a 2006 Report by the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education, Mechanical engineering is viewed as the field of engineering most highly demanded in the future with a projected increase of 24% from 5 to 10 years (from an estimated number of engineers of 58000 to 72000).
About 8% of the respondents indicated a demand for other engineering fields, such as biomedical, computer engineering, instrumentation and technology, marine technology, mechatronic, software engineering and process engineering. According to the report, the demand is highest for: Mechanical Engineers, next is Electrical, Civil, Electronic and finally Chemical.
Average Salary for engineers in Malaysia
The average annual salary for an engineer in 2009 is RM90,744.
Who Should Study Engineering and What Makes a Good Engineer?
A good engineer must have a vast amount of technical knowledge and be competent in a specific engineering discipline. Traditional engineering disciplines are civil, electrical, mechanical and chemical engineering.
But in practice nowadays, with emerging technology in areas such as aerospace, micro-electronics, nanotechnology, biomedical among others, engineering is becoming more multi-disciplinary.
There are more specialised engineering disciplines than before and all require specific technical knowledge and competency. Engineering is based on mathematics and science and if the student has a strong foundation in these subjects especially Additional Maths, Physics and Chemistry (for Chemical and Petroleum Engineering), it certainly helps.
If you are a technically competent and disciplined person, dedicated and systematic in doing things, then you have the potential to be an engineer.
By nature, an engineer should be inquisitive and must have excellent analytical skills to continually examine things and think of ways to help things work better. They are trained to give attention to detail because the slightest error may cause an entire structure to collapse. So, every detail must be reviewed thoroughly when doing a project.
A great portion of an engineer’s job is solving problems. Therefore, a good engineer must be able to think logically to figure out where the problem stems from and quickly find a solution. fIt is important for engineers to have problem-solving skills together with the ability to think logically. Creativity is another important quality. A good engineer must be able to think of new and innovative ways to develop new systems while making existing things work more efficiently.
A good engineer must have excellent communication skills to be able to effectively interact with others. Engineers sometimes have to translate complex technical language into simple language that can be understood by non-technical clients. Besides written and verbal, they must also have listening skills.
Currently, in some areas of engineering, changes in technology are happening rapidly, for example in computing and micro-electronics. To stay on top in the industry, an engineer in Malaysia must always keep abreast of new technology, research innovation and ideas.
Study Engineering in Malaysia
Engineering is applying scientific and mathematic knowledge to develop solutions for designing and implementing materials, structures, machines, devices, systems and processes to achieve the desired objective.
They use science to create more efficient and less expensive commercial applications that meet the needs of society and consumers.
Engineering is both a science and an art. Engineers use the scientific knowledge of behavior and properties of matter and creatively design buildings, dams, chips, plants, robots, and more.
Many engineers develop new products. During this process, they consider several factors.
For example, in developing an industrial robot, engineers precisely specify the functional requirements; design and test the robot’s components; integrate the components to produce the final design; and evaluate the design’s overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, and safety.
This process applies to the development of many different products, such as chemicals, computers, power plants, helicopters, and toys.
In addition to design and development, many engineers work in testing, production, or maintenance. These engineers supervise production in factories, determine the causes of component failure, and test manufactured products to maintain quality. They also estimate the time and cost to complete projects.
Engineers use computers extensively to produce and analyze designs; to simulate and test how a machine, structure, or system operates; to generate specifications for parts; and to monitor product quality and control process efficiency. Nanotechnology, which involves the creation of high-performance materials and components by integrating atoms and molecules, also is introducing entirely new principles to the design process.
Students after SPM or O-Levels who are sure of choosing engineering for their degree studies may go for the Foundation in Engineering. If you are still not sure whether you want engineering or other science courses, you may choose the Foundation in Science programme at premier private universities in Malaysia. Students after the external Pre-University Programme such as A-Levels, UEC, STPM, SAM, CPU, MUFY or AUSMAT may enter directly into the Engineering Degree programme with relevant results.
What type of jobs Engineers work at in Malaysia?
Engineers find jobs in consulting, design, project management, construction management, research testing, product development, sales & marketing, production management and more.
What do we study in Engineering at Top Private Universities in Malaysia?
Engineering is the art of applying the principles of science, experience, judgement and common sense to create things that benefit our society. An undergraduate degree in engineering introduces you to the concepts that you will need to analyze, design and develop technology.
The five largest traditional types, or disciplines, of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial and mechanical. In addition to these five disciplines, a wide range of more specialised areas of study have evolved. Aerospace, petroleum, nuclear, mechatronic, ocean, safety and environmental engineering are just a few of the many disciplines you may choose to study.
A bachelor’s degree at an accredited institution usually takes 3 to 4 years of full-time study. The first few years of study are typically dedicated to building a strong theoretical foundation, with the final years providing specialisation and practical applications of theory.
Each of the major branches of engineering has numerous subdivisions.
Civil engineering, for example, includes structural and transportation engineering, and materials engineering includes ceramic, metallurgical, and polymer engineering. Engineers also may specialize in one industry, such as motor vehicles, or in one type of technology, such as turbines or semiconductor materials.
There are many nontechnical attributes that you will gain during the course of your study in engineering. Interpersonal skills, written and oral communication skills, ethical conduct and the ability to work in teams are all essential qualities of a successful engineer.
What are the basic subjects taken in an engineering course at Top Private Universities in Malaysia?
Engineering students study calculus, physics, chemistry, computer science, English, electric circuits, engineering statics, thermal sciences, logic, engineering design, and introduction, then go to more discipline specific courses.
Students intending to pursue this field of study should have an aptitude for mathematics and science subjects especially Physics.
You should be analytical and creative as well. Because engineers spend much of their time solving problems, a strong engineering candidate should enjoy problem solving.
Is engineering a difficult course to Study in Malaysia?
There is no doubt that engineering course will challenge you and require a high amount of dedication. Consistency is the key to success in any study. Design and other practical skills should be included, in addition to technical writing and oral presentation.
On top of this, engineers will have to communicate their ideas to a non-technical audience. There is no easy way to becoming a real engineer. Students should avoid looking or the easy option. Engineering degrees should teach them to think for themselves. They will need to develop practical skills while building a firm base of fundamental knowledge.
What types of jobs do engineers perform in Malaysia?
Engineers work in consulting, design, project management, construction management, research, testing product development, sales, marketing, production, and others.
Engineers work in different environments: manufacturing plants, offices, laboratories, construction sites, and others. Normally, engineers work in teams so the prospective engineer has to be a team player.
The major types of Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Materials Engineering
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