Find Out Why You Should Study Robotics and Where you can Study the Degree Programme in Malaysia
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As the digital economy grows, Malaysia must be prepared to choose jobs that will be in demand in the future as well as still exist. 75 million job roles are expected to disappear by 2022 according to the “Future of Jobs Report 2018” by the World Economic Forum. Furthermore, another 133 million roles are expected to emerge. The Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0), artificial intelligence (AI), innovation, automation, Internet of Things (IOT) and other technological advancement would impact all industries. The Industry 4.0 will change the kinds of jobs needed across all market sectors.
BETWEEN 3.3 million and 6 million jobs are expected to be created in Malaysia by 2030, but with the new age of automation Industrial 4.0, preparation and training are fast becoming the critical factor as the new workforce would need new skills.
By 2022, an operational stock of almost 4 million industrial robots are expected to work in factories worldwide. These robots will play a vital role in automating production to speed up the post-Corona economy. At the same time, robots are driving demand for skilled workers. Educational systems must effectively adjust to this demand. The World Robotics 2020 Industrial Robots report found 2.7 million robots already working across the world. Sales of new robots remain high with 373,000 units shipped globally in 2019, a drop of 12% from the previous year – but still the third highest volume ever recorded.
Most students don’t realise that they should take into account the future job demand for the course that they choose and also how technology has affected the nature of the work. After all, isn’t that the main point when you graduate you want to get a job easily? In addition, many jobs and job functions are being replaced by technology and automation. The future jobs will be replaced by robots so why not be future proof and study robotics?
You might also be interested to read these:
- Top 3 Universities in Malaysia for Mechatronic Engineering
- Best Universities in Malaysia for Mechatronic Engineering Degree Accredited by Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM)
- Why Study the Foundation in Engineering at a Top Private University in Malaysia?
- Top 20 Courses to Study in Malaysia that has High Job Demand & Stable Salary
- Top 50 Jobs with High Future Demand in Malaysia
- Malaysia’s 28 Top Jobs in Demand in Future with High Salaries
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Graduates Needed to work in Autonomous Robots & Advanced Robotics in Malaysia
Robotics play a major role in the manufacturing landscape today. Automated manufacturing solutions should be a key part of any operation that strives for maximum efficiency, safety and competitive advantage in the market. Manufacturing robots automate repetitive tasks, reduce margins of error to negligible rates, and enable human workers to focus on more productive areas of the operation.
Robots used in manufacturing fill numerous roles. Fully autonomous robots in manufacturing are commonly needed for high-volume, repetitive processes — where the speed, accuracy and durability of a robot offers unparalleled advantages. Other manufacturing automation solutions include robots used to help people with more intricate tasks. The robot executes components of the process such as lifting, holding and moving heavy pieces.
Compared with conventional robots, advanced robots have superior perception, integrability, adaptability, and mobility. These improvements permit faster setup, commissioning, and reconfiguration, as well as more efficient and stable operations. The cost of this sophisticated equipment will decline as prices for sensors and computing power decrease, and as software increasingly replaces hardware as the primary driver of functionality. Taken together, these improvements mean that advanced robots will be able to perform many tasks more economically than the previous generation of automated systems.
Producers are now deploying advanced robotics as an essential element of advanced automation that enables the self-controlled factory of the future. Enhancing plant structures and processes with digital technologies can increase productivity and flexibility in both the factory and the supply chain, enabling producers to rapidly adjust to changing customer needs.
Which are the Top Private Universities Offering Robotics Related Courses in Malaysia?
The study of robotics is a very new field and is a combination of various areas of study. The focus will vary from university to university and students will need to research and look at the subjects to see which one would fit their future career goals. A robot is the product of a combination of Mechanical Engineering, Electronic Engineering and Computer Science or Ai.
A new field of engineering has resulted because of the technological advancements which is Mechatronic Engineering. This would be a 4-year engineering degree that’s accredited by the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM). Students wanting a Mechatronic Engineering degree programme can consider Asia Pacific University (APU) and University of Wollongong (UOW) Malaysia KDU.
Mechatronic engineering is covers the design of automated machines such as robotics. Mechatronics Engineering is a combination of mechanical engineering, electrical & electronics engineering and software engineering, but is a distinctly different discipline to all three. Furthermore, Mechatronic engineering is the engineering discipline concerned with the research, design, implementation and maintenance of intelligent engineered products and processes enabled by the integration of mechanical, electronic, computer, and software engineering technologies”
First City University College offers the Diploma in Mechatronic Engineering for students after SPM or IGCSE/O-Levels who are sure that they want to study engineering.
Top Ranked in Electronic Engineering, Multimedia University (MMU) offers the Robotics & Automation Specialisation in their 4-year Electronic Engineering programme. This programme will differ from the Mechatronic Engineering degree.
Taylor’s University offers 2 options for students. Those interested in the engineering pathway may choose the 4-year BEM Accredited Mechanical Engineering programme and minor in Robotic Design. On the other hand, students may go for the specialised 3-year Robotic Design & Development degree.
Asia Pacific University (APU)
Students need to have credits in Maths & Physics in SPM or IGCSE/O-Levels to go for the mechatronics engineering programme. Students after SPM or IGCSE/O-Levels with at least 5 credits may go for the 1-year Foundation in Engineering at Asia Pacific University. Foundation in Engineering or Foundation in Science programmes from premier private universities in Malaysia are also accepted for entry at APU. The 4-year Mechatronics engineering degree at Asia Pacific University is accredited by the Board of Engineers Malaysia.
Students with at least 3 credits in SPM or IGCSE/O-Levels including Maths and Science can go for the 2-year Diploma in Electrical & Electronic Engineering or Diploma in Mechatronic Engineering and then enter into Year 2 of the Mechatronic Engineering degree at Asia Pacific University (APU).
Engineering principles learnt at different levels are enhanced by exposure to practical sessions supported by hands-on laboratory work. This is undertaken in the fully-equipped laboratories for Analogue and Digital Electronics, Communication Engineering, Power System, Robotics, PLC Controls, Pneumatics and Automation, Mechanical Equipment, Mechanical Workshop and as well as Materials and Testing Laboratories.
In order to enable students to learn and understand the latest high-tech engineering design and simulation techniques, software such as Matlab, Labview, Multisim and Autodesk Inventor have been installed in the Engineering Design laboratory. Students can all these facilities to complete engineering assignments and design projects.
The Final Year Project rooms allows students to focus on project development in parallel the APU Centre of Robotics Engineering allows for students to engage with advanced Robotics research work.
- High-quality undergraduate engineering education by providing students with a curriculum that is firmly grounded in Mechatronic engineering fundamentals.
- A study of basic engineering sciences and fundamentals of mechanical, electrical, electonics and computing engineering. Students will be to integrate these four diverse.
- The technical skills to design, analyse and test “intelligent” products or processes that incorporate suitable controller, sensor and mechatronic devices for robotics and automation.
UOW Malaysia KDU University
The Bachelor of Mechatronics Engineering with Honours at UOW Malaysia KDU University, is a multidisciplinary field of science that includes a combination of mechanical engineering, electronics, computer engineering, telecommunications engineering, systems engineering and control engineering. This program is suitable for students who are passionate and interested in understanding new designs or developing new sensors, actuators, control algorithms and use advanced functional materials for the design of mechanical systems.
After SPM or IGCSE O-Levels, students may take the Foundation in Engineering at UOWM KDU for 1 year before entering into the 4-year Engineering degree.
This program is designed to meet the surge of innovation and emergence of new technologies required by modern industries to sustain global competitiveness which makes mechatronic engineers as a hybrid graduate that are able to tackle a wide range of challenges in the industry. Every industry needs mechatronics engineers to continue to rapidly develop innovative products with performance, which delivers quality at a lower cost. This makes the scope and applications of mechatronics relevant and vibrant for many years to come with a steady increase in demand from the industry.
The Mechatronic program at UOW Malaysia KDU University College is a perfect balance between mechanical and electronic engineering geared to provide both theory and laboratory work to enable students to understand the principles underlying the application of intelligent controllers and systems. Students will mature through the practical application of concepts and theory that will be carried out in cutting-edge laboratories. UOW Malaysia KDU Mechatronics students have the unique prospect to gain hands-on experience in the integrated design of mechanical, electrical, and software systems. Other than that, students are also exposed to the real world as UOW Malaysia KDU established academic linkages with industry players for capstone project design, guest seminars, industrial enhancement skills as well as support for project-based learning and internship.
University of Wollongong (UOW) Malaysia KDU, Utropolis Glenmarie campus, an institution that has over 36 years of history and experience, believes in providing real world education and has been successful in producing competent graduates and preparing students for top universities all over the world.
Multimedia University (MMU)
Multimedia University (MMU) offers the Robotics and Automation specialisation in their Electronic Engineering degree. This BEM accredited engineering programme is for students planning for professional careers in the fields of industry automation, this engineering programme provides a complete undergraduate training in robotics and automation fields, such as advanced robotics, machine vision, applied dynamics, knowledge system and neural computing, digital control system, microprocessor system, automation and power technology.
In addition, the students are also exposed to basic engineering training in circuit and signal analysis, field theory, electronics, control theory, power systems, machines, communications and engineering mathematics. To better prepare the students for the engineering professional career, courses in basic management, economics, accounting and law are also included. This programme also provides students with industrial experience and research training, by requiring students to complete industrial training and graduation projects.
Students after SPM or IGCSE/O-Levels with at least 3 credits wanting to study at a top ranked university in Malaysia and globally can go for the Diploma in Electrical & Electronics Engineering programme at the Faculty of Engineering & Technology at Multimedia University (MMU) Melaka. Upon completion of the Electrical & Electronics Diploma, students can choose to enter into Year 2 of the degree programme in Electronics Engineering majoring in Robotics & Automation thats accredited by the Board of Engineering Malaysia (BEM) and MQA. Students who have 5 credits in SPM or O-Levels may go for the Foundation in Engineering. Pre-University students with the relevant results in STPM, A-Levels, SAM, CPU, AUSMAT, etc. can enter directly into Year 1 of the engineering degree.
Students interested in Robotics have 2 options at Taylor’s University where you can choose between the 4-year engineering degree which is more focused on Mechanical Engineering with a specialisation in Robotics or a computing degree which is purely Robotics related.
Taylor’s University -Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Mechanical Engineering with a minor in Robotic Design
Taylor’s University is the first university outside the United States to be accepted into the Grand Challenges Scholar Program, championed by National Academy of Engineering (NAE) to guide future engineers who have the desire to change the world and work on projects affecting our quality of life. Taylor’s University is one of the best universities in Malaysia for you to study the Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Mechanical Engineering with a minor in Robotic Design.
This Minor provides students with the fundamentals of design coupled with the fundamentals and advanced modules relating to robotics and artificial intelligence. Students would then use the knowledge and skills gained through out the modules within this minor to design and build a robotic system.
The subjects in the minor are:
- Circuits and Devices
- Design Principles
- Programming Techniques
- Machine Learning and Parallel Computing
- Microprocessors and Computer Architecture
Students after SPM or IGCSE/O-Levels with at least 5 credits including the relevant subjects may enter Taylor’s University Foundation in Engineering for 1 year before continuing on to the Mechanical Engineering degree. Pre-University graduates in Malaysia from programmes such as UEC, STPM, A-Levels, SAM, CPU, AUSMAT and others may enter directly into the 4-year Mechanical Engineering degree providing they meet the minimum entry requirements. The Mechanical Engineering degree at Taylor’s University is accredited by MQA and the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM).
The Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Mechanical Engineering degree programme at Taylor’s University is designed to equip students with a sound understanding of fundamental theories and concepts in mechanical engineering, primarily the scientific knowledge to solve challenges and design systems in automotive, power generation, aerospace and manufacturing industries, to elevate our quality of life.
Through this programme, students will able to construct and evaluate alternative design concepts, undertake detailed engineering analysis and mechanical design as well as manufacture prototypes and evaluate its performance.
Engineering students will be instilled with technical proficiency and industry knowledge, as well as the ability to apply theories into practical and feasible innovations, in a multidisciplinary environment.
- In-depth knowledge and skills on designing and analysing mechanical components, machines and systems via modules such as Theory of Machines & Mechanisms, Design of Engineering Components & Systems, and Computer Aided Engineering & Geometric Modeling.
- In-depth knowledge and understanding regarding heat, energy and fluid flow via modules such as Thermodynamics & Heat Transfer, Engineering Fluid Mechanics and Internal Combustion Engines & Emission.
- Acquire knowledge of manufacturing processes and production technologies as well as operating and managing complex production systems via modules such as Manufacturing Engineering and Automatic Control & Instrumentation.
- Exposure to electrical and electronic engineering modules for a better understanding of the design and application of electrical and electronic circuitry in systems.
- Cultivate business-minded engineers through exposure to business management modules such as Business Skills for Engineers and Managing Projects for Success.
- Ability to develop and improve solutions catered to consumers’ needs through various engineering design modules.
- Ability to apply the CDIOTM Framework to engineering processes and systems, taking into consideration functionality, safety, cost effectiveness and sustainability aspects.
Taylor’s University – Bachelor of Robotic Design and Development (Honours)
Robotic Design and Development at Taylor’s is a multi-disciplinary programme combining mechanical engineering, electrical & electronics and computer science. It is designed to equip students with a sound understanding of fundamental theories and concepts in Robotics technology. This programme incorporates Work-Based Learning for students in their 3rd year. This will allow students to develop specialist knowledge, theory and skills by using the workplace as a context for project-based or practice-evidenced learning. Learn how you can step closer to your dream of impacting the ever-evolving world of robotics.
The degree programme will cover the methodical processes such as algorithms, in order to acquire, represent, process, store, communicate and access information. With this degree students will embark on Work-Based Learning (WBL) for their 3rd year.
Work-based learning (WBL) provides students hands-on experience with industry partners for a year. During this duration, they will gain real world, practical learning experiences. This complements the classroom learning that students would have gained in their first two years of their degree, increasing their career readiness.
First City University College
The 2.5-year Diploma in Mechatronics at First City University College is a fast track programme for SPM/IGCSE/O-Level holders. Upon successful completion, they will gain entry into Year 2 of the Bachelor of Electronic Engineering with Honours or Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering with Honours Degree programmes which are approved by the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM). The Diploma in Mechatronic Engineering programme at First City UC focuses mainly on the principles and practices that integrate disciplines in mechanical and electronic engineering as well as computing.
It is an ideal programme for students after high school who are sure of pursuing a career in engineering. In the engineering diploma, you will study subjects that are related to your interests in engineering and is also more practical.
Through the Diploma in Mechatronics, students will gain knowledge and technical skills in mechanical and electronic engineering. The diploma subjects will focus on electrical & electronic engineering, embedded systems, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, hydraulics & pneumatics and applied mechanics. During the diploma, students will be placed at reputable companies for their internships to put into practice what they have learnt.
In addition, students will complete projects related to robotics and automation. Students will be registered with the Institute of Engineers Malaysia (IEM).
Rapid Change in Technology Impacting Jobs of the Future
Malaysia government’s focus was also in line with its efforts to meet the challenges of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0) that requires highly skilled human capital. More new job opportunities would emerge as the digital revolution unfolded, and cited the World Economic Forum’s estimate that 65% of the workforce will work in the yet to be created job sector because it requires digital skills.With the evolution of technology, the current job landscape in Malaysia has changed drastically. In many industries and countries, the current in-demand occupations or specialties did not exist 10 or even five years ago. The rise of technology has led to a disruption in the way we work and live. The Digital Era has changed the way we work.
As the digital economy grows, Malaysia must be prepared to choose jobs that will be in demand in the future as well as still exist. 75 million job roles are expected to disappear by 2022 according to the “Future of Jobs Report 2018” by the World Economic Forum. Furthermore, another 133 million roles are expected to emerge.
In 2017, the McKinsey Global Institute found that about half the activities people are paid to do could potentially be automated using technologies that exist today. While few occupations can be entirely automated, 60% of all occupations have at least 30% of constituent activities that can be automated.
Some of the biggest changes will occur in jobs that require routine physical activity in a predictable setting, such as operating machinery or preparing food. About 50% of the work time in Malaysia is spent on these types of highly automatable activities.”
McKinsey says its study indicates that by 2030, automation could displace up to 25% of hours (equivalent to about 4.5 million workers) in Malaysia. Yet, the country’s job outlook is ultimately promising as the job losses will be more than offset by the demand for new skills and labour.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0), artificial intelligence (AI), innovation, automation, Internet of Things (IOT) and other technological advancement would impact all industries. The Industry 4.0 will change the kinds of jobs needed across all market sectors. Therefore, students must possess the right skills to value-add, creative, empathetic and interactive in a technology-driven job landscape.
Malaysia has a high unemployment rate among its graduates. Thus, it is vital for students to consider carefully in the early stages which courses that would lead to jobs that will be high in demand in future. Ask advise from knowledgeable and experienced counselors who can assess you, advise you with evidence based information and guide you to the best course that suits you.
A Fast Changing Future Job Landscape
The International Labor Organization has estimated that almost 300 million jobs are at risk due to the coronavirus pandemic. Of those that are lost, almost 40% will not come back. According to research by the University of Chicago, they will be replaced by automation to get work done more safely and efficiently. Particularly at risk are so-called “frontline” jobs – customer service, cashiers, retail assistant, and public transport being just a few examples. But no occupation or profession is entirely future proof. Thanks to artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), even tasks previously reserved for highly trained doctors and lawyers – diagnosing illness from medical images, or reviewing legal case history, for example – can now be carried out by machines.
At the same time, the World Economic Forum, in its 2020 Future of Jobs report, finds that 94% of companies in the UK will accelerate the digitization of their operations as a result of the pandemic, and 91% are saying they will provide more flexibility around home or remote working.
The world of work is in constant change. Email, video conferencing, and cloud sharing are now the norm and millions of people now work in the gig economy, rather than on structured payrolls. But perhaps the greatest debate about the future of work is centered on automation, artificial intelligence, and robotics, and their potential effects on jobs.
BETWEEN 3.3 million and 6 million jobs are expected to be created in Malaysia by 2030, but with the new age of automation Industrial 4.0, preparation and training are fast becoming the critical factor as the new workforce would need new skills.
The unemployment rate among fresh graduates is expected to increase to 25% this year, 2020. In comparison to last year, it is a jump from 13.8%. The Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) said 75,000 out of 300,000 fresh graduates are expected to be unemployed in 2020 due to the economic downturn caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Furthermore, 41,161 out of 330,557 graduates from 2019 are still unemployed. With the addition of 75,000 from 2020, the total unemployment among the group will add up to a whopping 116,161 people.
Last year, 189,543 out of 330,557 graduates managed to get a job six months after they graduated.
The youth unemployment in Malaysia is at 13.2%. The highest unemployment rate is seen among those aged 15 to 19, at 18.7%, followed by those aged 20 to 24, at 11.9%, according to the Economic Outlook Report 2019 issued by the finance ministry
Furthermore, the ever-increasing cost of living in Malaysia is making it challenging for fresh graduates and working professionals to support their lifestyle. In light of that, it would be important for students to plan ahead what career that you want to enter into so that you can choose a course that has future job demand and high salary in Malaysia.
By having a view of emerging job trends, it is hoped that students would be inspired to draw up study plans and select career choices and pathways as early as schooling years up to university level that will ensure success in future careers and work environments.
Malaysia Lacks the Talent to Work in Industry 4.0 Jobs
The Malaysian Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) tabled the the National Policy for Industry 4.0 to help advance the countries’ businesses and factories. This will ideally help the local industries to increase productivity, efficiency, quality, and to also develop new skills and talent with the people.
According to MITI, Malaysia is currently somewhere in between Industry 2.0, which is mass production of items, and Industry 3.0, automation. It is a slow process that is facing many challenges such as the lack of awareness and understanding of Industry 4.0 and also the lack of standards and skillsets.
Industry 4.0 is the new approach to combining traditional manufacturing processes and technology such as the Internet of Things (IoT) to enable machines to capture and convey more data via machine-to-machine communications to enable businesses to make smarter decisions.
All these have to be mobilised by a workforce equipped with the necessary skill sets to develop systems, applications and services such as artificial intelligence, Big Data and advanced analytics, robotics and automation.
In terms of preparing the necessary skilled manpower (for Industry 4.0), Indonesia and Singapore are far ahead (of Malaysia) because they have specific programmes from abroad for their workers to learn from
Malaysia did not have a standard system to produce graduates with the necessary skills for Industry 4.0, Ganesh said the local university syllabuses were somewhat out of date and did not fulfill the requirements of Industry 4.0.
“After completing their studies, our (university) graduates have to be retaught to master 4.0 elements like additive manufacturing and robotics, that is, how to handle and manage robots and so on
Unfortunately, many of the local industries were still depending on manual labour to carry out their operations, he said.
He also said that Malaysia has to seek out foreign technology to enable it to approach Industry 4.0 due to the shortage of efforts locally to develop home-grown technology to meet the needs of the new industry.
Number of Industrial Robots Globally Increases Job Opportunities for Mechatronic Engineering Graduates
“Governments and companies around the globe now need to focus on providing the right skills necessary to work with robots and intelligent automation systems,” says Milton Guerry, President of the International Federation of Robotics. “This is important to take maximum advantage of the opportunities that these technologies offer. The post-Corona recovery will further accelerate the deployment of robotics. Policies and strategies are important to help workforces make the transition to a more automated economy.”
We must already start way earlier – curricula for schools and undergraduate education need to match the demand of the industry for the workforce of the future. Demand for technical and digital skills is increasing, but equally important are cognitive skills like problem-solving and critical thinking,” says Dr. Susanne Bieller, IFR´s General Secretary. “Economies must embrace automation and build the skills required to profit – otherwise they will be at a competitive disadvantage.”
China has more industrial robots than next four countries put together, according to a new report.
Data presented by Buy Shares indicates that China, Japan, and the United States cumulatively control about 58.71 percent of the global industrial robot installations.
As of September 2020, there were 381,000 units of industrial robots globally.
The coronavirus pandemic has been seen to spur industrial robots market.
Based from the data, China accounts for the largest share at 140,500 units, followed by Japan at 49,900 units.
The US is third with 33,300 installed units. South Korea has the fourth-highest installation at 27,900 units while Germany closes the fifth spot with 20,500 million installations.
The Czech Republic has the least industrial robot installation at 2,600.
Several factors are contributing to the growth if the industrial robot market installation. According to the research report:
“The industrial robot market is also expected to grow following the unprecedented situation as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.
In the course of the crisis, many factories had to protect their employees by shutting down some production plants.
The pandemic creates a potential market for the industry as it is part of preparing for any similar pandemic in the future.”
The research also overviewed the annual installation of industrial robots worldwide between 2009 and 2019. Over the 10 years, the installation grew by 535 percent.
In 2009, the figure stood at 60,000 while last year the number was 381,000. By 2010, the number had doubled to 121,000.
Notably, in 2018, the installation stood at 422,000 before dropping by 9.7 percent to 381,000 in 2019. The drop was the first in seven years.