What is the Malaysian Medical Council (MMC)?

Malaysian Medical Council (MMC)

Malaysian Medical Council (MMC)

Find Out the Role of the Malaysian Medical Council (MMC) for Students Planning to Become Doctors

  • How to become a Doctor in Malaysia
  • List of recognised Medical Institutions in Malaysia to study Medicine (Second Schedule Medical Act 1971)
  • Minimum Qualification for Entry Into a Medical Programme at Universities in Malaysia

To legally practice medicine in Malaysia, medical practitioners are required to be registered with the Malaysian Medical Council. Through registration, the Council ensures that a medical practitioner has the knowledge, skill and competence levels to provide safe and effective treatment to the Malaysian public.

In order to be a registered medical officer in Malaysia, students must pursue a medical degree that is recognised by the Malaysian Medical Council (MMC) and accredited by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA). The MMC and MQA accreditation also indicates that the institution and programme have met the national standards and guidelines in accordance with the council. The entry requirements for students to study Pre-University and Medical degree programmes are regulated by the MMC and MQA as well to ensure the standards are kept at a high quality level.

In the course of providing safe and competent health care services for the country, the Malaysian Medical Council was established by an Act of Parliament approved on 27 September 1971 and gazetted on 30 September 1971.

The principal aim of the MMC is to ensure the highest standards of medical ethics, education and practice, in the interest of patients, public and the profession through the fair and effective administration of the Medical Act.

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What is the Role of the Malaysian Medical Council (MMC) in Higher Education?

Malaysian Medical Council (MMC)
Malaysian Medical Council (MMC)

Students interested to become Doctors in Malaysia must pursue a medical degree programme that is listed in the Second Schedule Medical Act 1971 as one of the registrable medical qualifications for medical practise in Malaysia. Graduates can then register with the Malaysian Medical Council and apply for a compulsory internship at a government hospital, known as housemanship, as well as compulsory service at a government or public university hospital before becoming qualified medical officers. Aspiring doctors can continue their education and training as specialists through postgraduate studies and supervised training.

Upon completion of the 5-year medical degree, students need to apply for Provision for Registration with the MMC before they begin their general clinical training. Next, you will need to apply to undergo Housemanship for 2 years at a Government Hospital as a House Office (HO). Upon successful completion of your Housemanship, you will then apply for full registration with the MMC. Then, you will undergo a 2-year compulsory service at a government or public university hospital as a Medical Officer (MO).

About the Malaysian Medical Council (MMC)

Medical Education Committee (MEG) under Malaysian Medical Council (MMC) with Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) facilitates quality through the development of quality assurance documents namely Standards for Undergraduate Medical Education. This standard is aligned with current Malaysian Qualifications Framework (MQF), Codes of Practice of Programme Accreditation (COPPA), and Guidelines to Good Practices all of which must be used as a reference point in the conduct of a programme of study in Malaysia.

Malaysia is committed to the highest standards of professionalism in medical practice. Accreditation of its undergraduate medical education programme has been introduced as a quality assurance mechanism. This exercise will promote public confidence and provide assurance to society and to the medical profession that the quality of provision and standards of degree in Medicine are being safeguarded and enhanced.

The accreditation process assists medical schools in the attainment of standards of structures and function as well as the performance of graduates in compliance with national norms of preparation for practice and further medical training. All doctors wish to be licensed for medical practice in Malaysia must graduate from accredited medical schools. The accreditation of Medical programmes is under the purview of Malaysian Qualification Agency (MQA)

The standards and procedures for accreditation of medical programmes was first developed in 1998, then reviewed in year 2000 to align the standards with the World Federation of Medical Education (WFME) global standards in medical education. The standards was reviewed again in 2006 and 2010.

In 2018, Malaysian Qualification Agency (MQA), the agency that is responsible in accreditation of all academic programmes in Malaysia published a new version of Code of Practice of Programme Accreditation
(COPPA), which has led to the revision of the standards which adopted the COPPA 2nd edition.

The objectives for this review were:

  1. to ensure that the standards reflect current shift of learning strategies from traditional teacher-centred to students-centred and
  2. students active learning, using the principles of outcome-based education.

While the standards aims to safeguard the public in terms quality education and producing safe medical practitioners, it does not limit the institutions from being creative and innovative and expand the scope of medical knowledge. Instead this standards encourages and celebrates diversity in acquiring knowledge and clinical skills with appropriate attitude and high standard of professionalism.

This standards covers 7 areas namely:

  1. Area 1: Programme Development and Delivery
  2. Area 2: Assessment of Student Learning
  3. Area 3: Student Selection and Support Services
  4. Area 4: Academic Staff
  5. Area 5: Educational Resources
  6. Area 6: Programme Management
  7. Area 7: Programme Monitoring, Review and Continual Quality Improvement.

In view of rapid development in the area of Medical education and in tandem with feedback from various stakeholders, the revised standard is now ready to be published as the second edition.

This standards formed the basis for accreditation of undergraduate medical programmes. The undergraduate sub-committee of Malaysian Medical Council with support from Malaysian Qualification Agency developed an evaluation instrument that is aligned with the standards. The evaluation tool consists of 100 items is published online together with the standards. All institutions are required to self-evaluate and submit it together with institutional databases. This is an important step to encourage quality enhancement among the Higher Education Providers.

In order to facilitate HEP and panel accreditors in the evaluation process, other supporting documents were also produced which include guideline to Data Submission for Programme Accreditation and List of Core Competencies and their expected level that should be acquired upon graduation.

This document must be read together with other quality assurance documents and other policies by MQA and related agencies. These include but not limited to:

  1. Malaysian Qualifications Framework (MQF). 2nd Edition
  2. Code of Practice for Institutional Audit (COPIA)
  3. Code of Practice for Programme Accreditation (COPPA). 2nd Edition- updated Nov 2018
  4. Guidelines to Good Practices (GGP)
  5. Kompilasi Dasar Jaminan Kualiti Pendidikan Tinggi (2009-2020). Edisi ketiga

Minimum Qualification for Entry Into a Medical Programme at Universities in Malaysia

The selection for admission to a medical programme implies selection for the medical profession.

A person who is qualified in Medicine from a medical programme recognized by the Malaysian Medical Council (“Council”) is entitled to be provisionally registered by the Council (Section 12 Medical Act). The fitness to practise Medicine of the intended applicant shall have to be considered in the selection for entry into any medical programme.

The practice of Medicine requires the highest standards of professional and personal conduct as well as professional competence.
  1. Although some students have attained the academic standards required, they will not be suitable to a career in Medicine. It is in the interest of the public and such students that they should not gain admission, rather than to have to leave the course or the profession subsequently.
  2. It is the responsibility of the medical school to ensure that there are no particular circumstances that will impact upon an applicant’s fitness to practice upon graduation.
  3. All applicants shall declare if they have:
    • been found guilty of any criminal offence(s);
    • serious physical or mental illness; and/or
    • serious communicable disease(s)
      which may impact upon their future practice.
  4. A person with any of the following shall be disqualified from entry into a medical programme:
    • found guilty of offence(s) affecting the human body; and/or
    • recent or serious dishonesty e.g. cheating at examinations, falsification of documents, plagiarism; and/or
    • serious physical or mental illness; and/or
    • serious communicable disease(s).
  5. Any failure to declare information that has a material influence on a student’s fitness to practise may lead to the termination of their medical course, as honesty, integrity and good health are essential attributes of a doctor and by extension, the medical student.
  6. In the event of any doubt, the medical school shall seek clarification from the Council.
A high level of academic attainment is expected.
  1. An understanding of science, in particular chemistry and biology, is central to the understanding of Medicine. However, the Council recognizes the diversity of subjects taken by applicants and the contributions of those who entered medical schools with other qualifications.
  2. All applicants shall have attained a level of competence in English to enable them to complete the course successfully.
  3. All applicants entering the medical programme via matriculation, foundation or pre-medical programme, except those with a degree qualification, STPM or A-level shall have passed and attained a minimum of the following at School Certificate level or its equivalent:
Examinations Requirements

Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia {5PM) 5 Bs each in

  • Biology and
  • Chemistry and
  • Physics and
  • Mathematics or Additional Mathematics and
  • another subject

General Certificate of Education 5 Bs each in Ordinary (“O”) levels

  • Biology and
  • Chemistry and
  • Physics and
  • Mathematics or Additional Mathematics and
  • another subject
Note:

i. Any applicants with School Certificates that is not mentioned in this guideline must refer to ‘The List of Entry Qualifications for International Students’ by Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) for the purpose of qualification equivalency;
ii. Combination of SPM and O-Level results is allowed to fulfill the entry requirement as stated in Keputusan Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa lnduk MQA-SPIPTS Bil.1/2009 bertarikh 11 Mei 2009 dan Keputusan Mesyuarat MQA Bil.4/2009 bertarikh 27 Mei 2009 (Kompilasi Dasar Jaminan Kualiti Pendidikan Tinggi {2009 –
2020: Edisi Ketiga) (Pindaan 2).

Unified Examination Certificate (UEC)

All applicants with a Unified Examination Certificate (UEC) who enter a matriculation/ foundation/ pre-medical programme or medical programme, shall have passed and attained a minimum of:

Programme Requirements

Entry to matriculation, foundation or pre-medical programme

B4 each in 3 subjects:

  • Biology; and
  • Chemistry; and
  • Physics or Mathematics or Advanced Mathematics

Entry to medical programme B4 each in 5 subjects:

  • Biology; and
  • Chemistry; and
  • Physics; and
  • Mathematics; and
  • Advanced Mathematics

Note:

UEC eligibility is only for admission to higher education programs in Private Higher Education Institutions (IPTS) as stated in:

Surat Pekeliling Ketua Pendaftar lnstitusi Pengajian Tinggi Swasta, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia Bil. 2/2004 – Kelayakan dan Kedudukan ‘Unified Examination Certificate’ (UEC) dated 19 Mac 2004 No. Ruj: KP(JPS)5181/01/02/Jld.3(6)

Higher School Certificate level or its equivalent (STPM and A-Level)
Examinations Requirements
Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia

Grades BBB, ABC or AAC or CGPA 3.0 {STPM} (out of 4.0) in 3 subjects i.e.

  • Biology; and
  • Chemistry; and
  • Physics or Mathematics

General Certificate of Education Grades BBB, ABC or AAC in 3 subjects Advanced {“A”} levels i.e.

  • Biology; and
  • Chemistry; and
  • Physics or Mathematics
Note:

Combination of A-Level or STAM and STPM is allowed to fulfill the entry requirement as stated in Keputusan Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa lnduk MQA-SPIPTS Bil.1/2009 bertarikh 11 Mei 2009 dan Keputusan Mesyuarat MQA Bil.4/2009 bertarikh 27 Mei 2009 (Kompilasi Dasar Jaminan Kualiti Pendidikan Tinggi (2009 –
2020: Edisi Ketiga)

Matriculation, foundation or pre-medical programme or its equivalent

(all applicants must fulfill the requirement at SPM/ 0- Level or its equivalent)

Matriculation or Foundation in Science or Pre- Medical programme

CGPA 3.0 (out of 4.0) in 3 subjects i.e.

  • Biology; and
  • Chemistry; and
  • Physics or Mathematics

Minimum grade for each subject is C (GP 2.0) and Provided the programme is not less than 1 year and completed in the same institution and fulfill the requirement in C3

Australian Pre-University Programmes
  • Monash University Foundation PreUniversity Program (MUFY)
  • University of New South Wales (UNSW) Foundation
  • Western Australia Curriculum Council
  • Australian Universities Foundation Programmes
  • South Australian Matriculation {SAM) or SACEi
  • Australia Year 12
  • Australian Matriculation (Ausmat

Aggregate or the equivalent of Bin 3 subjects i.e.

  • Biology; and
  • Chemistry; and
  • Physics or Mathematics

or

80% ATAR provided the subjects include

  • Biology
  • Chemistry; and
  • Physics or Mathematics
Canadian Pre-University Programmes
  • Canadian Pre-University (CPU)
  • Canadian International Matriculation Program (CIMP / Canadian Grade 12/13
  • Ontario Secondary School Diploma Grade12

Average of 80% in 3 subjects i.e.

  • Biology; and
  • Chemistry; and
  • Physics or Mathematics
Diploma International Baccalaureate (IB) Programme

Minimum overall score 33 points, 2 science subjects (Biology and Chemistry) at Higher Level (HL) and Mathematics at HL and attained a minimum score of 5 each in

  • Biology; and
  • Chemistry; and
  • Mathematics
Diploma Entry Requirements into Medical Degree in Malaysia

Diploma in Health CGPA 3.5 (out of 4.0) Sciences or equivalent and Provided the programme is not less than 5 semesters or 2 1/2 years and completed in the same institution and

At SPM/ 0- Level or its equivalent: Minimum 2 Bs in any 2 subjects

  • Biology; and/or
  • Chemistry; and/or
  • Physics

and Credit in 3 subjects

  • English; and
  • Mathematics or Additional Mathematics;

and

  • another subject

List of Medical Institutions in Malaysia (Second Schedule Medical Act 1971)

LIST OF REGISTRABLE QUALIFICATIONS PER SECOND SCHEDULE, MEDICAL ACT 1971

 

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