Find out What is Information Technology (IT), Software Engineering & Computer Science in order to Choose the Best University to Study in Malaysia
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With the increased demand for trained professionals in information technology (IT) and the many universities for students to choose from, it is important for the student to be able to choose a university that best fits his or her needs – financially, quality, educationally and career. Within the computing discipline, there are 3 major areas of study that private universities offer which are Information Technology (IT), Computer Science and Software Engineering. These computing fields are related but also quite different from each other and the subjects overlap as well.
Learn how to become a computer scientist, software engineer or information technology (IT) specialist in Malaysia by talking to knowledgeable & experienced counselors and then choosing the best private university for your degree studies. I understand the different areas and will be able to guide you to choose the right area to focus on. Research the education and career requirements, training and certification information and experience needed to be successful in your future career in information technology (IT), computer science or software engineering in Malaysia.
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Study at the Best University in Malaysia for Computer Science, Software Engineering, Computing & Information Technology Courses
Computing consists of several fields, and many universities offer degree programs in several of them such as computer science, computer engineering, information systems, information technology, software engineering, and more. These computing fields are related but also quite different from each other.
The programmes represent a number of computing disciplines. Software engineering had emerged as an area within computer science. As computing is used to attack a wider range of complex problems, creating reliable software becomes more difficult.
With large, complex programmes, no one person can understand the entire program, and various parts of the programme can interact in unpredictable ways. (For example, fixing a bug in one part of a program can create new bugs elsewhere.)
While computer science (like other sciences) focuses on creating new knowledge, software engineering (like other engineering disciplines) focuses on rigorous methods for designing and building things that reliably do what they’re supposed to do.
Private Universities in Malaysia typically offer 3 computing majors: Information Technology, Computer Science and Software Engineering. There is a huge overlap between the subjects offered in these 3 majors. Even the career paths of these degrees overlap.
Programmers, software developers and computer scientists all serve different roles in the technology industry, but there is much similarity regarding skill sets, and overall there is a lot of crossover between the various fields.
The difference between the three roles really comes down to focus. All of these professionals can program computers, but programmers are focused on writing perfect, elegant code, whereas computer scientists are often more focused on theory, and software developers tend to be jacks of all trades with leadership skills who get placed in charge of software projects.
Studying Computer Science in Malaysia
Computer scientists are primarily concerned with the design of algorithms, languages, hardware architecture, systems software, applications software and tools. Applications range from simple game playing to the control of space vehicles, power plants and factories, from banking machines to intelligent fault and medical diagnosis. Computer professionals, in short, are concerned with the creation of computer and information systems for the benefit of society.
Computer Science (CS) is about understanding, designing, and developing programmes and computers. At its core, Computer Science focuses on data, data transformation, and algorithms. Advanced courses present specialised programming techniques and specific application domains.
Computer Science is the study of how computers work, mostly from the theoretical and mathematical perspective. You should choose Computer Science if you like math, logic, or if you want to get into a specialised field in CS such as artificial intelligence (ai), machine learning, cyber security, or graphics.
Computer science is the most basic of these fields, using algorithms to communicate information. CS can be divided into practical and theoretical parts. The practical part involves programming languages and computer graphics, for instance, and the theoretical part involves things like complex computational theory and very large-scale integration.
In addition, the theoretical part focuses on the classical theory of computation, along with other more abstract, logical, and mathematical aspects of computing. The practical part cover topics such as artificial intelligence, computer architecture and engineering, graphic designing, computing science, etc. It deals with mainly applications or additional programs.
Computer science requires a strong mathematical and scientific background. The courses may vary in teaching subjects from university to university so it is important to look at the subjects. While some universities prefer teaching theoretical aspect of computer science, others focus on advanced programming.
Courses include Theoretical computer science, Theory of computation, Information and coding theory, Algorithms and data structures, Programming language theory, Formal methods, Concurrent, parallel and distributed systems, Databases and information retrieval, Artificial intelligence, Computer architecture and engineering, Computer graphics and visualization, Computer security and cryptography, etc.
Studying Software Engineering (SE) in Malaysia
Software Engineering is the study of how software systems are built, including topics such as project management, quality assurance, and software testing. Software Engineering (SE) deals with building and maintaining software systems. Software engineers, or software developers, design and develop software applications or computer systems in Malaysia. They develop computer applications for clients as well as the major systems that make a computer run.
It is more software-oriented and has a greater emphasis on large software applications than Computer Engineering. It is more applied than Computer Science, placing greater emphasis on the entire software development process, from idea to final product. It is also more disciplined than Computer Science, applying more systematic practices to help ensure that products are reliable and safe.
Software Engineers need to use different programming languages, depending on the purpose of the program. The programming languages most often used are C, C++, and Java, with Fortran and COBOL used less commonly. Other programming languages that are in high demand are HTML, XHTML, XML, PHP, Visual Basic.
With the growth of smart phones comes with it the demand for the programming languages related to it such as the programming language, Objective C, and its software development tool (XCode) for the iOS market.
In the software engineering degree programme in Malaysia, you will take a course that emphasises the principles of programming and a course on computing fundamentals. You will study Java programming, object-oriented software engineering, data structures and algorithms, algorithmic foundations, computer systems and web application development.
Students will also be exposed to VB.net, HTML, J2ME, Java Scripting as well as networking and business communication. The modules lead into all aspects of software applications; internet technology; multimedia technology; information systems; operating systems; systems methodologies; visual programming; and database management systems.
Students may take some non-IT courses such as marketing, business communication and problem- solving, among others, are included in the course so that students are equipped with transferable skills that will enable them to work efficiently both independently and in teams.
Students interested in a career in computer software engineering needs to have analytical skill, problem-solving, teamwork and communication skills as well as creativity and attention to detail; familiarity with database management, development environment, program testing and other related software.
Students should be good in Mathematics and possess at least a Credit in SPM or O-Levels for Maths. Students should have a strong interest in programming and lots of patience in creating a programme.
You should choose Software Engineering if you are more interested in the hands-on approach, and if you want to learn the overall life cycle of how software is built and maintained.
Studying Information Technology (IT) in Malaysia
Information technology (IT) involves the software and hardware aspects of our technological world. If the purpose is creating, exchanging, accessing, or securing digital data, then the subject is IT. Benefits of technology include increased productivity in many work-related and personal tasks.
Information Technology (IT) refers to anything related to computing technology, such as networking, hardware, software, the Internet, or the people that work with these technologies. Furthermore, Information Technology (IT) also includes the management of data, whether it is in the form of text, voice, image, audio or some other form. It can also involve things related to the Internet. Information Technology (IT) involves the transfer of data, so it makes sense that the Internet would be a part of IT. IT has become a part of our everyday lives and continues evolve quickly.
Companies depend on information technology to help them be more productive. This is a career that benefits any business by allowing companies to work more efficiently and to maximise productivity. And with that comes faster communication, electronic storage and the protection of important documentation.
Most organisations in Malaysia have IT departments to manage the computers, networks, and other technical areas related to their businesses.
With an IT degree, graduates can find work in a number of jobs such as information security, network architecture, database administration, systems administration and computer support. However, some of these jobs require advanced computer science and programming knowledge therefore it would be better for you to choose to study Software Engineering or Computer Science.
For example, information security requires knowledge of discrete math and algorithms, and database administration requires knowledge of programming. Also, information security analysts usually have certifications, such as ISC or CISSP.
In general, IT professionals need to stay abreast of new technology, and they must be very familiar with how to use operating systems and server software, including Linux, Apache, OpenSSL, Windows Server, Oracle, MySQL and Microsoft SQL Server.
Students after SPM or O-Levels may go for the Foundation in Computing or Information Technology at top private universities in Malaysia for 1 year before continuing on to the 3-year Information Technology (IT), Computer Science or Software Engineering degree.
With 3 credits in SPM or O-Levels including Maths, students may go for the 2-year Diploma in Information Technology, Diploma in Computer Studies or Diploma in Software Engineering and then enter into Year 2 of the Degree.
Pre-University students with the relevant results in STPM, A-Levels, SAM, CPU, AUSMAT, etc. can enter directly into Year 1 of the Information Technology (IT), Computer Science or Software Engineering degree at the best university in Malaysia.